Welcome to the official website of the Government of the Republik Maluku Selatan in exile. The RMS-government is located in the Netherlands since 1966.
This website provides information about the Republik Maluku Selatan, the South Moluccan Republic, its origin and efforts to regain its independence.
In order to comply with the true wishes, demands and the instigation of the People of the South Moluccas, we hereby proclaim the independence, de facto and de jure, of the South Moluccas as a republic, apart from any political relationship with the state of East Indonesia and the United States of Indonesia, on reason of the fact that the state of East Indonesia is unable to maintain itself as a state in accordance with the regulations of the Denpasar-conference, which is still legally applicable, and in accordance with the Decision of the South Moluccas Council of 11 March 1947, furthermore the Government of the United States of Indonesia has acted in contravention of the RTC agreements and her own constitution.
Ambon, 25th of april 1950
The government of the South-Moluccas
J.H. Manuhutu (President)
The proclamation was communicated to the Dutch High Commissioner in Jakarta on April 26 1950 by telegraph. The translation was included in the Memorandum on the development in Indonesia that the Dutch Government submitted to the House of Representatives on May 23 1950.
The official coat of arms of the Republik Maluku Selatan, as determined on May 9 1950 by order of the South Moluccan government, shows a ‘Pombo’ (pigeon), which is about to fly, its wings half opened and in its beak a branch of peace. The chest is tattooed with a ‘parang’ (machete), a ’salawaku’ (shield) and a ‘sanukat’(spear).
The dove plays an important role in the South Moluccan history. According to a South Moluccan tale, the famous South Moluccan protagonist ‘kapitan’ Jonker with his wife, at their late age, changed into two white doves and flew back to the South-Moluucas from Jacatra Java. Still when two flying white doves are seen, it is considered a good omen.
The national flag of Republik Maluku Selatan is the symbol of the state and the unity of the people. The four colors; blue, white, green and red are not randomly chosen. The colors have a deeper, symbolic meaning:
The blue symbolizes the South Moluccan Sea, rich in its fish, pearl, sea cucumber and seaweed. The sea with her rich yield plays an important role in the South Moluccan life. The blue also symbolizes the loyalty of the South Moluccansto their homeland.
The white symbolizes the purity of the South Moluccan struggle and the peace that the South Moluccans want to serve. It is the color of the South Moluccan beaches, where the waves restlessly come and go.
The green is the color of the islands, which, among others, house the flourishing sago and coconut palm, and clove and nutmeg trees. Red is the primary color, the ‘Asa’ from which all life sprouted. Well known are the ‘kain berang’, a red cloth worn as a headscarf or worn around the neck or arm. This color symbolizes the bravery of the South Moluccans
The size of the flag is 2 to 3, divided into four bars, which relate as following: 1/9 blue, 1/9 white, 1/9 green, 6/9 red
Maluku Tanah Airku
Maluku Tanah Airku
Tanah tumpah darahku
Ku berbakti kepadamu
Selama hari hidupku
Engkaulah Pusaka Raja
Jang leluhur dan teguh
Aku djundjung selamanja
Hingga sampai adjalku
Aku ingat terlebih
Sedjarahmu jang pedih
Maluku Tanah Airku
Tanah datuk datukku
Atas Via Dolorosa
Engkau hidup merdeka
Putra putri jang se djati
Tumpah darah bagimu
Ku bersumpah trus berbakti
Serta tanggung nasibmu
Aku lindung terlebih
Sedjarahmu jang pedih
Mena Muria printah leluhur
Segnap djiwaku seru
Sepri laskar jang djudjur
Dengan prisai dan imanku
Bahkan harap jang teguh
Ku berkurban dan berasa
Karna dikau ibuku
Ku doakan terlebih
Mena Muria hiduplah
Maluku, my fatherland
Maluku, my fatherland
Mena-Muria, the high command
I call out with all my heart
I run to defend thee
As a honest and sincere army
Armed with shield and faith
And above all, in full confidence
I'll sacrifice and wrestle
Since thou are my mother
Above all I will pray
That Mena-Muria may allways stay
The independence struggle for the free South Moluccan Republic began with the proclamation of the RMS on April 25th 1950, and continues to this day. Over the past six decades, the Indonesian occupier suppressed, exploited the South-Moluccas and deliberately kept Maluku poor and underdeveloped. Although Indonesia recently wants to line among the decent and democratic states, that democracy is still hard to find. The freedom of speech is the highest good in a democratic state. To date we can not speak of this freedom in Indonesia.
For brave Moluccans who speak out to be RMS supporter, life is made miserable. They and their families are being social-economically banned. Those who dare to express their opinions will still be sentenced to long prison terms by the corrupt and biased judges.
The past decades are characterized by a self-enriching regime that uses all resources, in particular the army, to maintain Jakarta’s centralized stranglehold. For years the Moluccas have been an easy prey to a new form of colonization. The Moluccas are virtually deprived of their natural resources. Fishing grounds are leased to foreign companies. The same applies to the tropical rainforest that is being deforested, with high soil erosion as a result. Therefore it is not surprising that rainfall is leading to landslides.
A largepart of the Moluccan population is living below, or just above the poverty line. In order to keep their heads above water, the population actually was forced off their land, which has been family property for hundreds of years, to sell to speculators. A tragic touch is that it were these lands that provided a part of everyday foods.
It is risky to use terms like ethnic genocide, yet one can not escape the impression that the transmigration policies that have been followed for years, are aimed to greatly reduce the influence of the Moluccans in the Moluccas. Due to the lack of local employment, educated Moluccans are still forced to seek their luck elsewhere in Indonesia. Another finding is that the imposed system of corruption for a lot of people has become the everyday's practice.
The largest tragedy
The most tragic happening for the Moluccas started in 1999 and is called the ‘ Kerusuhan’. In this conflict, that was orchestrated by Jakarta, Muslims and Christians clashed with each other and faced a struggle between life and death that would nearly last 4 years. The complete forcefield of the Jakartan clique and their accomplices carried out a power struggle within the territory of the Moluccas. Political parties and their corrupt leaders, especially the Golkar-party, the clan of the former president Suharto, general Wiranto and the rest of the military elite, the Muslim fundamentalist, and so on. It was clear to everyone that they were involved in the conflict on the Moluccas. To this day, the real culprits remain at large.
Reappraisal and reorientation
There are also positive effects. In particular the Kerusuhan-period led to a reorientation to the Moluccan existence and the Moluccan uniqueness. Old traditions, values and beliefs were appreciated on their cohesive meaning and true value. Aspects of Moluccan identity and culture were rediscovered and carefully used again. The same applied to the reappraisal of the Moluccan political vision of a South Moluccan Republic.
This brings us back to this day. Current events that show Moluccans who use their natural right to freedom of speech are arrested, beaten, tortured and given long prison terms. Only because they exercise their rights and stand out for their political beliefs upon a legitimate endeavor, a free Republik Maluku Selatan
No one can afford to remain idle in the seek for self-determination of the RMS.
The RMS-struggle is a legitimate and noble strive that deserves the support of whole the free and democratic world.